Additional reading

There are many good statistics books that can be used to extend your understanding of the techniques covered in the SPSS Survival Manual. I have listed a few titles here to get you started. Watch out for new editions of these books as they appear.
Research design

Bowling, A. (1997). Research methods in health: investigating health and health services. Buckingham: Open University Press.
Boyce, J. (2003). Market research in practice. Boston: McGraw Hill.
Cone, J. & Foster, S. (1993). Dissertations and theses from start to finish. Washington: American Psychological Association.
Goodwin, C. J. (1998). Research in psychology: Methods and design (2nd edition). New York: John Wiley.
Stangor, C. (1998). Research methods for the behavioral sciences. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Questionnaire design

Oppenheim, A. N. (1992). Questionnaire design, interviewing and attitude measurement. London: St Martins Press.

Scale selection and construction

Dawis, R. V. (1987). Scale construction. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 34, 481 489.
DeVellis, R. F. (2003). Scale development: Theory and applications (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.
Gable, R. K. & Wolf, M. B. (1993). Instrument development in the affective domain: Measuring attitudes and values in corporate and school settings. Boston: Kluner Academic.
Kline, P. (1986). A handbook of test construction. New York: Methuen.
Robinson, J.P. Shaver, P. R. & Wrightsman, L. S. (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes. Hillsdale, NJ: Academic Press.
Streiner, D. L. & Norman, G. R. (1995). Health measurement scales: A practical guide to their development and use (2nd edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Basic statistics

Cooper, D. R., & Schindler, P. S. (2003). Business research methods (8th ed.). Boston: McGraw Hill.
Everitt, B. S. (1996). Making sense of statistics in psychology: A second level course. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gravetter, F. J. & Wallnau, L. B. (2000). Statistics for the behavioral sciences (5th edition). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Useful web links

In addition to the more traditional paper-based resources, there are many websites you may find useful. There has been an explosion in the number of statistics sites on the Web—some statistics texts are completely web-based. I have listed some useful starting points for you below. These sites also have links to many other potentially useful sites.

This site contains a number of online statistics books (with SPSS screen grabs and output) written by David Stockburger. These include a basic introductory statistics book, and one that covers multivariate statistics. The site also gives a list of other useful websites, covering statistics relevant to a wide range of different disciplines (psychology, sociology, business, sport, biology etc.). These additional sites are listed at:

This is another online statistics book, which also gives additional sites that you may wish to investigate.

Computer program for Parallel Analysis (used as part of Factor Analysis)

On page 183 of the SPSS Survival Manual (2nd edition) I illustrated the use of parallel analysis, a relatively new technique used to determine the number of factors to be retained. The program that you need to do this can be downloaded by clicking on the following link. This will download a zipped file that you can open on your computer.

If you would like to go to the developer’s website their address is shown below. There are a number of other downloadable (free) computer programs.

Web site address for Parallel Analysis program: